31.10.2020

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The report of the Soviet ambassador to Japan about the state of Hiroshima and Nagasaki after the bombing

21:21, 19.08.2015
  On the 70th anniversary of the bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki there was declassified the report of the Soviet ambassador to Japan about the state of the Japanese cities a month after the nuclear attack. The document published on the site of the Russian Historical Society contains descriptions of the devastation and stories of eyewitnesses as well as the information about types of damage and the nature of the diseases caused by the explosion of the atomic bomb. The Russian Historical Society has published the document by the courtesy of the Archives of Russian foreign policy. A month after the nuclear attack a group of employees of the Soviet Embassy was sent to the regions of Hiroshima and Nagasaki. They were tasked ‘to personally study the effect of the nuclear bomb’. The members of the group prepared a written report on the situation on the spot of the nuclear attack and took pictures. [embed]https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sBgwa26W4bo&feature=youtu.be[/embed] Hiroshima was the first city the representatives of the Soviet Union visited. They noted that almost all buildings in the city were destroyed. Only concrete structures had survived the bombing. The report says, ‘The nuclear bomb has effected the area within a radius of 5-8 km. Within a distance of 5-7 km from the station Hiroshima we have not seen a single building unaffected in varying degrees.’ The observers also noted that the leaves of the trees were scorched unevenly: somewhere more, somewhere less, while there were some completely unaffected areas. ‘This gives grounds to an assumption that the energy of the bomb wasn’t radiated in a solid mass but in beams, resulting in some areas left undamaged,’ explained the authors of the report. This also explains the fact that some people had severe burns while the others weren’t hurt at all. However, this fact was noticed only in the remote areas. ‘In the radius of one kilometre from the explosion everything living was destroyed,’ says the document. Local residents who had returned to the ashes and tried to rebuild their homes said that on the outskirts of the city there were sheltered tens of thousands of people who had managed to survive. The Soviet diplomats also visited a hospital where victims of the bombardment were staying. The representatives of the USSR recorded the main types of injuries after the nuclear explosion. First of all there were burns on unprotected parts of the body while no one’s eyes were affected. The report says that everyone who was bareheaded at the moment of the explosion lost his or her hair. ‘On recovery individual locks of hair start growing on bald skulls,’ adds the report. The Japanese doctor Fukuhara told the employees of the Soviet Embassy that the rays after the bomb explosions had primarily worked on human blood reducing the number of white blood cells in it. People heavily bled and had a high fever, up to 41 degrees. He also added that all those who had come to the city immediately after the explosion in order to help the wounded had died within a few days. And those who had used water from the spot of the explosion for drinking or washing "died immediately.” After a talk with those locals who weren’t badly hurt the Soviet observers concluded that ‘the best protective clothes against a uranium bomb is rubber or any electrical insulator’. Witnesses of the bombing said that "the sound of the explosion and the flash of lightning" were heard and seen at a distance of 30-50 km. The doctors of the hospital said that they had seen the bombs falling on the city. The doctor Furuhara said that on Hiroshima there had been dropped three bombs. ‘According to the doctor, two unexploded bombs were picked up by the military and are currently being studied,’ says the document. However, it was reported that this information hadn’t been confirmed by all witnesses. In the city of Nagasaki, most of the damage occurred in the new town because it is separated from the old one by a mountain. During the stay of the Soviet delegation in the city there was a heavy smell of corpses as not all of the dead bodies had been recovered from the rubble yet. In the early morning on August 6, 1945 a plane B-29 of the US Air Force flew without hindrance over the centre of Hiroshima and dropped a 4 ton uranium bomb “Baby" on the city. Its explosion instantly killed from 70 to 100 thousand people. Thousands more died from radiation sickness in Hiroshima later. The total number of victims of the bombing exceeded 140 thousand people. [embed]https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1MSKoSbqHq0&feature=youtu.be[/embed] P.S. The Foreign Policy has insulted the memory of the victims of the nuclear bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki. On the anniversary of the nuclear bombing of the US Air Force that destroyed the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, the US edition of Foreign Policy considered it possible to release a material with the cynical title "Did the bombing of Hiroshima save Japan from the Soviet occupation?” The author of the article claims that at the end of August 1945 Joseph Stalin planned to attack the second-largest Japanese island of Hokkaido, turning the Sea of Okhotsk into the inner Soviet “lake" by that. According to the Foreign Policy, it was precisely the President Truman’s demonstration of his country's "powerful new weapon" at Hiroshima and Nagasaki that forced the Soviet Union to abandon these plans. Thus, the influential US daily doesn’t only justify the use of inhumane weapons by the US Army but actually claims that the bombing was necessary to protect the world from the "Soviet occupation”. Source, Source